NIDCR Small Research Grants for Oral Health Data Analysis and Statistical Methodology Development (R03)
Department of Health and Human Services
National Institutes of Health
The NIDCR supports a broad portfolio of clinical trials and large-scale epidemiologic research projects that collect extensive data to fulfill each project’s specific aims. The resultant wealth of data generated by these studies often provides unique, cost-effective opportunities to investigate additional research questions or develop improved analytical approaches secondary to a project’s originally intended purpose.
The Small Research Grants for Data Analysis and Statistical Methodology Development (R03) program is designed to provide investigators with the support necessary to conduct such secondary data analyses or to develop new statistical methods for analyzing oral health data utilizing existing database resources. Research aims in these applications may be related to, but must be distinct from, the specific aims of the original data collection. The oral and craniofacial data may be derived from NIDCR-funded studies or from other sources.
Applications may propose to test new hypotheses in oral and craniofacial health, including oral and craniofacial health economics, using existing data. However, hypothesis-generating research in the absence of hypothesis testing will be considered for funding only if carefully described and justified. Priority will be given to studies that address causality between risk factors and the oral health outcome(s) of interest. Studies simply describing correlations or associations between risk factors and oral health, especially when such associations have been demonstrated previously, are of lower program priority. Health economics studies could include natural history studies on the impact of changes in health care policy upon craniofacial-related treatment services delivery and quality, or comparative effectiveness research to evaluate variations in the cost and cost-effectiveness across types of treatment interventions for craniofacial diseases and disorders.
Applications may also propose new statistical methodologies for analyzing oral and craniofacial health data. However, the need for and applicability of any proposed new statistical methodologies to oral and craniofacial research must be justified, and the new methodology must be applied to an oral health dataset.
For applications focusing on behavioral and social sciences, priority will be given to studies that help to identify the mechanisms of behavior change or mechanisms of action of an intervention as opposed to correlates, predictors, mediators, moderators, risk and protective factors, etc., which may be candidate mechanisms, but have not been demonstrated as having a causal link with the outcome(s) of interest. This emphasis on identifying causal mechanisms means that certain local, state or national surveys may not be appropriate sources of data for some research projects. Also, applicants are encouraged to consider a range of data sources to test causal explanations for oral health behavior, for example, audiotaped or videotaped sessions, provided informed consents/assents are secured. Given that behavioral and social factors important in oral health are also important in other health conditions, data sets about nutrition, health education or promotion, parenting, tobacco use, adherence to provider recommendations, organizational behavior, etc., also may be relevant data sources. Additional information about the priorities of NIDCR’s Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Branch can be found here: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/research/DER/BSSRB/.